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JABS 2012, 2(1): 34-44 Back to browse issues page
Measuring Health Belief Model components in adopting preventive behaviors of cervical cancer
Azam Namdar, Shiva Bigizadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh1
1- , mmnaghi2@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (28244 Views)

Background & Objective: Cervical cancer is the second prevalent women cancer in the world. This cancer is found preventable because of having the prolong time before the appearance, its complications and the available proper screening program and possibility of the primary lesion treatment. Since the Health Belief Model is one of the applicable praxeology model in health education to prevent and control of diseases. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the Health Belief Model components in adopting preventive behaviors in cervical cancer in women. Materials & Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 213 married 20-65 year-old women selected by a two-stage sampling method. The data was collected by a valid and reliable questionnaire and interview. This questionnaire based on health belief model correlation (components Perceived Susceptibility and Severity, Perceived Barriers and Benefits, Self-efficacy) with behavior survey. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Mann-Whhitney test, Kruskal-wallis test, and Regression by SPSS software.

Results: The mean age of the study group was 40.6 ± 12.1. The results show that 32.5% of them had at least one time examined for Pap smear test out of which only 7.9% of them had this test on a regular interval. Only 12% of them had an adequate knowledge about the cervical cancer and its preventive measure. 90% of them had inappropriate behavior. The average score of knowledge was 6.73± 2.97 which considered as moderate. Regression analysis showed the knowledge (P=0.009), job (P=0.005), perceived barriers (P<0.001) and perceived severity (P=0.036) determine as predictors in the final behavior.

Conclusion: Perceived barriers and knowledge behind the strongest predictor of behavior. Educational programs are recommended based on the health belief model with emphasis on reducing barriers and increasing awareness to improve behavior.

Keywords: Cervical cancer, Health Belief Model, Papanicolaou Smear, knowledge
Full-Text [PDF 1673 kb]   (12659 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2013/02/11 | Accepted: 2013/09/14 | Published: 2013/09/14
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Namdar A, Bigizadeh S, Naghizadeh M M. Measuring Health Belief Model components in adopting preventive behaviors of cervical cancer. JABS. 2012; 2 (1) :34-44
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html

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Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spiring 2012) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Advanced Biomedical Sciences
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