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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 ( Autumn 2018) ::
JABS 2018, 8(3): 929-937 Back to browse issues page
Therapeutic effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Cynodon dactylon in hypercholesteremic rabbits
Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani 1, Vahi Mohammadi2 , Ali Asghar Tehrani2 , Hadi Esmaeili Gouvarchin Ghaleh2 , Bahman Mansori Motlagh2
1- Urmia University , meysamabtahi@urmia.ac.ir
2- Urmia University
Abstract:   (5451 Views)
Background & Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the anti-atherosclerotic properties of hydro-alcoholic extract of C. dactylon in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
Materials & Methods: The standard regime was consisted of 5 normal rabbits that they were fed for 75 constitutive days with a standard regimen. Hypercholesterolemic group was consisted of 20 rabbits that were fed for 75 constitutive days with a high cholesterol (1% of food weight). These rabbits were allocated in 4 equal groups at the day after initiating the research, including animals with the hyper-cholesterol regime and treatment groups that daily received 100,200 or 400 mg/kg of the hydro-alcoholic extract of C. dactylon, respectively.
Results: On the 45th and 75th day after beginning, other than blood sugar, the levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL and LDL, atherogenic index (LDL/HDL ratio), CRP, fibrinogen, serum levels of nitric oxide and malondialdehyde were significantly increased in rabbits with hypercholesteremic regime and without treatment compared to normal rabbits. The oral administration of the extract of C. dactylon at all doses for 30 constitutive days after the establishment of hypercholesterolemia, could significantly reduce the levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, and malondialdehyde. Moreover, 200 and 400 mg/kg of extract could significantly decrease the levels of the atherogenic index, CRP, fibrinogen, and malondialdehyde, and simultaneously increase the levels of HDL compared to rabbits with hypercholesterolemia. Only 400 mg/kg of extract could significantly decrease the serum levels of nitric oxide.
Conclusion: Hydro-alcoholic extract of C. dactylon showed beneficial effects in reducing of hypercholesterolemia in the animal model.
Keywords: Cynodon dactylon, Atherosclerosis, hypercholesteremic, Rabbit
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmaceutical Plants
Received: 2018/01/13 | Accepted: 2018/06/3 | Published: 2018/12/22
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Abtahi Froushani S M, Mohammadi V, Tehrani A A, Esmaeili Gouvarchin Ghaleh H, Mansori Motlagh B. Therapeutic effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Cynodon dactylon in hypercholesteremic rabbits. JABS. 2018; 8 (3) :929-937
URL: http://jabs.fums.ac.ir/article-1-1566-en.html

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Volume 8, Issue 3 ( Autumn 2018) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences
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