:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2013) ::
JABS 2013, 3(3): 266-270 Back to browse issues page
Detection of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis by PCR in Fasa district in 2012
Mehdi Sharafi1, Babak Pezeshki1, Abdollah Reisi1, Mohsen Kalantari2, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh1, Soulmaz Dast Manesh3
1- Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
2- Mamasani Paramedical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. , kalantari_m@sums.ac.ir
3- Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Abstract:   (29910 Views)
Background & Objective: Leishmaniasis is a common disease between humans and animals caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania spp. It is transmitted by the female species of Phlebotomus.The most common form of leishmaniasis is the cutaneous form seen as either dry (urban) or wet (Rural). Detection of cutaneous leishmaniasis species is not reliable by microscopy. Among the methods, PCR is useful for this purpose. In this study, we aimed to investigate the cutaneous leishmaniasis species by PCR method in Fasa district. Material & Methods: Slit biopsies were collected from 138 suspected cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis who were presented, consecutively, in Fasa district from April 2011 to February 2012. After the microscopy, the entire smear was then scraped off the slide surface for DNA extraction and PCR assay. Results: All 138 investigated smears were reported positive by microscopy and nested PCR assay. In PCR, One of the smears had the 750-bp band, indicative of L. tropica and the rest had the 560-bp band indicative of L. major. Conclusion: In conclusion, the cutaneous leishmaniasis found in Fasa district is predominantly Rural Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. The PCR-based assay used in the present study appears to be a suitable and powerful tool for the characterization of Leishmanial species.
Keywords: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, detection, Iran.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2013/06/30 | Accepted: 2013/09/22 | Published: 2013/09/23

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Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2013) Back to browse issues page